It’s Time To. . .

It’s Time To. . .

Discover the art of year-round plant care with The Garden Center by Precision, your guide to a thriving garden every month.

Discover the art of year-round plant care with The Garden Center by Precision, your guide to a thriving garden every month.

Care for Your Landscape Year-Round

When it comes to your yard, there are specific tasks that need to be done, not just quarterly, but monthly, to keep it healthy and looking its best. Here is a helpful guide to how to best care for your property throughout the year.

Any questions? Call The Garden Center by Precision at (864) 633-3384. You’ll always hear back within 24 business hours.

January

  • Take down your Christmas tree. Some counties offer Christmas tree recycling services, often at local convenience centers.
  • For live root-ball Christmas trees, place outdoors in a cool, protected area. Water it thoroughly and hose off the foliage, then move it into full sun in two weeks.
  • Mulch your planting beds with shredded mulch or pine needles. Mulch is preferred around plantings due to the long term benefit of breaking down and improving the soil profile. 
  • Transplant any perennials and shrubs as long as the ground is not frozen.
  • Cutback dormant perennials.
  • Perform any extreme pruning needed, called renovation pruning, to reduce size or bring new life back to a mature shrub. 
  • Prune to taste any deciduous trees and shrubs, However, do not prune flowering trees (such as dogwoods, cherry trees or redbuds) until later in the spring after they’ve bloomed.
  • Prune fruit trees, removing dead limbs and any vertical sprouts.
  • Clean up the canopy of your Crape Myrtles by removing any undesired minor limbs. DO NOT “crape murder” with severe pruning as this will damage them permanently. 
  • Avoid pruning azaleas, winter camellias, winter daphne or trees that are “bleeders” such as birch trees or Japanese maples.
  • Inspect your plants for any pests. Use insecticidal soap on the tops and undersides of houseplant leaves if any insects are detected. Clean the foliage, water regularly and fertilize. Repot your plants as necessary.
  • Continue to spray dormant oil on all evergreens to protect them from potential insect damage.
  • Schedule a consultation with a designer for your Spring project. 
  • Mow your Fescue lawn every other week or as needed at 3”.
  • Take bulbs out of the refrigerator and set them out in the sunlight, as indicated in this chart below:
BulbRemove from ColdWeeks to Bloom
TulipJanuary 13-213 to 4
NarcissusJanuary 20-272 to 3
HyacinthJanuary 20-272 to 3
MuscariJanuary 17-242
Crocus/Dwarf IrisJanuary 24-211 to 2

February

  • Prune your summer flowering shrubs. Be aware that spring bloomers produced their buds last fall, so pruning them now will result in the loss of flowers. Prune any forsythia, quince, spiraea or other early spring flowering shrubs later, after they have finished flowering. Prune to improve the shape of the plant, as well as to open the center to good air circulation and sun exposure. Start pruning by removing any dead, decayed or broken branches.
  • Transplant any deciduous shrubs and trees that are still dormant. Once the buds swell, it will be too late to do so.
  • Prune fruit trees prior to the start of new growth. Apply dormant oil tree spray for winter protection from any insects.
  • Use weed killers on wild onions, poa annua grass and any broadleaf winter weeds.
  • Use pre-emergents for your lawn and plantings beds to manage pesky early spring weeds.
  • Begin pruning most roses, but wait to prune roses that only bloom once a year, such as Lady Banks’ and many old-fashioned roses and climbers, until immediately after flowering.
  • Don’t forget your Valentine this year! Gift them knock-out roses that come in bright reds to lighter pink colors and double bloomers.
  • Get ready for spring fertilizing of your lawn and plants. For DIY’s, we recommend Holly-tone® for all evergreens; Plant-tone® for all perennials and deciduous plants/trees; and Espoma® Lawn Food for all lawn types.
  • Cut back any liriope and groundcovers.
  • Continue feeding your feathered friends, who will help with insect control when the weather warms again.

March

  • Inspect your irrigation system for any winter damage and to prepare for Spring. 
  • Reseed any bare spots in your fescue lawn when the weather begins to warm.
  • Fertilize your fescue lawn with a nitrogen blend.
  • Apply Lime on your Bermuda or Zoysia lawn 
  • Prune your camellias after their blooming is complete and feed them with a gentle fertilizer.
  • Divide perennials as needed before new growth advances.
  • Fertilize any houseplants and repot them if needed.
  • Cut back butterfly bushes to one-third the size desired this summer.
  • Use an insecticide or Earth-tone® Insecticidal Soap to control aphids, whiteflies, lace bugs, mealybugs and other pesky bugs on your indoor and outdoor plants.
  • Fertilize springs bulbs with 1-pound blood meal per 100 sq. ft. of bed.
  • Add Living Soil® amender to the garden as an organic additive for any new plants.
  • Do not forget pre-emergents for spring weed control in your lawn and planting beds!

April

  • Visit The Garden Center by Precision in early April for the first glance at newly arrived spring color. Annuals and perennials are here!
  • Feed fescue lawns with a balanced fertilizer. Set the mower’s height at 3”-3.5” for fescue grass.
  • Fertilize Bermuda and Zoysia lawns with a starter fertilizer once the lawn is at least 50 percent green.
  • Plan now for common lawn pests such as grubs, fire ants, etc
  • Set out annuals, perennials and other bedding plants in mid-to-late April, then apply balanced fertilizer, such as Plant-tone®.
  • Plant your new shrubs, like loropetalum, viburnums, azaleas and spiraea, for late spring color.
  • Remove any faded flowers from daffodils, tulips and hyacinths, letting the foliage die naturally.
  • Set out summer-flowering bulbs, such as gladioli and crocosmia.
  • Begin installing your Summer annuals in containers & gardens after the danger of frost has passed, usually after April 15 for the SC Upstate area. Place wave petunias, geraniums and marigolds in the sun, and coleus, impatiens and begonias in the shade.
  • Fertilize azaleas and camellias immediately after they bloom. Feed other flowering shrubs, if you haven’t already, with Holly-tone®.
  • Prune any early spring-blooming shrubs, like forsythia, azaleas and weigela, after blooming.
  • Watch for pests in your flowers and plants, such as slugs and snails, especially after a cool, wet spring. Look for tent caterpillars in trees.
  • Plant your vegetables after the danger of frost has passed.

May

  • Ensure your annual flowers are planted so you can enjoy them in the Spring and Summer.
  • Fertilize and water your tomatoes regularly.
  • Plant vines, such as mandevilla, bougainvillea and clematis, at your mailbox to have bright flowers all summer long.
  • Begin succession planting of hot weather annuals, such as zinnias, marigolds, celosia and portulaca. Continue planting them through the month of June.
  • Pinch back annuals to encourage bushy, compact growth. Begin to fertilize annuals moderately on a regular basis, as they appreciate a continual supply of nutrients.
  • Plant long-blooming perennials, such as daylilies, purple coneflowers, shasta daisies and black-eyed Susans.
  • Mulch any bare garden beds well to regulate soil temperature, retain moisture and keep weeds down.
  • Use caution sodding cool season grasses such as fescue. However, warm season grasses such as Bermuda, centipede and zoysia can be sodded now. 
  • Fertilize your flower beds and shrubs like roses and azaleas.
  • Fertilize your vegetables with a gentle fertilizer, such as Plant-tone®.
  • Use Fire Ant Killer Insecticide on any fire ant mounds.
  • Use Insect, Disease and Mite Control to get a start on the coming Summer insects like Japanese beetles.

June

  • Water your lawn in the early morning so the turf will have time to dry before the night, thus reducing disease pressure.
  • Plant your favorite kitchen herbs such as basil, oregano, thyme and rosemary in a sunny spot.
  • Fertilize your flower beds with Plant-tone®.
  • Clean up spring bulbs once the foliage has completely died back. Cut back bearded iris and divide. 
  • Do not allow weeds in your mulched beds to go to seed. Keep them pulled or spray them with Weed & Grass Killer to keep them under control.
  • Watch for harmful insects and disease problems in flowerbeds or vegetable gardens.
  • Keep the garden adequately watered during dry weather. A deep, thorough soaking every week is more beneficial than a daily light sprinkling. Add Soil Moist Granules to pots to absorb water and release it as needed. Comply with local watering restrictions.
  • Prune azaleas after blooming and any excess growth on shrubs as needed.
  • Pick up a bag of Living Soil® amender at The Garden Center by Precision to use with any new plantings.

July

  • Keep your planting and garden beds adequately watered. A deep and thorough soaking every week in July is more beneficial than a daily light sprinkling. Plan your water schedule accordingly based on local watering restrictions.
  • Your lawn will need a deep watering every 2-3 days through rain or irrigation. For Fescue lawns, be sensitive to heat stress. 
  • Brighten shady garden spots with variegated hostas, coral bells and other shade-loving perennials or shrubs.
  • Install bermuda, zoysia, or centipede sod. Keep sod watered while roots are getting established.
  • Apply Nitrogen Fertilizer to Zoysia and Bermuda lawns to keep them green and encourage healthy growth.
  • Fertilize your shrubs with Plant-tone®.
  • Keep a diligent watch for lace bugs, June beetles, and other Summer pests that prey on plants. Use a Tree & Shrub Systemic Insecticide for protection.
  • Keep unwanted dead blooms picked off of plants such as knock-out roses to encourage the growth of new flowers.

August

  • Regularly fertilize annuals for continued bloom.
  • Keep a careful eye for Army Worms as they can eat through lawns quickly. 
  • Water all plants and lawns deeply (as allowed by current local watering restrictions) but no more once than every 2 days.
  • Pull spent perennials, such as coneflowers, black-eyed Susans and blanket-flowers, and shake them so seeds will fall where plants will grow next year.
  • Watch for fire ant mounds. Use Fire Ant insecticide to eliminate ants until winter.
  • Watch for insects and diseases in your lawns as this is the most stress your lawns will be under. 
  • Keep weeds pulled to prevent them from going to seed.
  • Remove faded flowers from crape myrtles to encourage a second flush of blooms.
  • Prune hydrangeas after they’re finished blooming.
  • Cut back leggy annuals by half and fertilize them with Plant-tone®.
  • Start planning your Fall containers and planting beds.

September

  • Visit The Garden Center by Precision around September 1 to pick out fall color for your yard.
  • Plant trees, shrubs and perennials. Enjoy fall-blooming shrubs such as Encore azaleas and camellias. 
  • Core aerate and overseed your fescue lawns, apply lime and a starter fertilizer, and keep it moist for 2-3 weeks for optimal germination.
  • Plant pansies to get a full range of color in the garden.
  • Plant perennials, such as asters, mums and ornamental grasses, for Fall color.
  • Plant cool-season vegetable seeds, such as cabbage, lettuce, beets, turnips, spinach, radishes, collards and broccoli.
  • Do not fertilize Zoysia, Centipede or Bermuda lawns after this time, allowing them to prepare for dormancy.
  • Fertilize all shrubs, perennials, and trees with Plant-tone®, using half the spring dose.
  • Apply pre-emergent to planting beds to manage new weeds from germinating.
  • Prune evergreen shrubs like loropetalums, holly and gardenias. Do not prune camellias, azaleas, or forsythias.

October

  • Plant trees, shrubs and perennials. Enjoy fall-blooming shrubs such as azaleas and camellias. 
  • Divide or transplant spring-blooming perennials.
  • Feed fescue mid-month with a nitrogen fertilizer.
  • Continue to core aerate and seed Fescue until mid-October, keeping it moist for 2-3 weeks.
  • Plant pansies, snapdragons and violas to get a boost of color in your containers or beds.
  • Plant perennials, such as asters, mums and ornamental grasses, for some fall color.
  • Plant cool-season vegetable seeds, such as cabbage, lettuce, beets, turnips, spinach, radishes, collards and broccoli.
  • Fertilize all shrubs, perennials, and trees with Plant-tone®, using half the spring dose.
  • Apply weed preventer to all lawns to control poa annua and other Winter weeds.
  • Reduce mowing height for fescue to 3”.

November

  • Plant pansies, violas and snapdragons for more color in your garden.
  • Divide or transplant spring-blooming perennials.
  • Fertilize pansy beds with blood meal or Tiger Bloom®.
  • Fertilize your fescue lawn with Espoma® Lawn Food for a greener lawn throughout the Winter and into early Spring.
  • Plant shrubs and large trees to grow by the spring season. Planting while dormant gives the shrub or tree a better chance of survival instead of planting during the harsh dryness of the summer season. Dig a hole at least two times as wide as the root-ball for planting. Water deeply every two weeks to prevent new evergreen shrubs from drying out.
  • Cut back faded perennials for the winter.
  • Start your holiday decorating with garland, trees, lights and wreaths.
  • Clean up your fallen leaves regularly to avoid suffocating lawns and small plants. Place in a wooded area for natural mulching or use a service for removal. 
  • Apply pre-emergent to all planting beds to stop Winter weeds from germinating.
  • Reduce mowing height for fescue to 3”.

December

  • Spray dormant oil on all evergreens to protect them from insect damage.
  • Plant daffodil, hyacinths, crocus and tulip bulbs for spring blooms.
  • Fertilize your pansies and Winter color. 
  • Prune holiday clippings. Use juniper, magnolia and fir cuttings to create wreaths and table/mantelpieces for the holidays.
  • Cut off dry stems and foliage of hostas, purple coneflowers, black-eyed Susans and other perennials that will die back after the first frost.
  • Remove low hanging and damaged limbs from trees. Prune away crowded limbs along the trunk of trees.
  • Plant balled and burlap trees in a hole at least two times the size of the root ball.
  • Keep holiday plants in the coolest indoor spot so the flowers and leaves will not drop off prematurely.
  • Try something new for the holidays, such as heather, white hydrangeas, red and white azaleas, and amaryllis.
  • Place any indoor plants near southern-facing windows.

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